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With the intent to catch a few minutes of Sunday night football, I tried the burger at Friday’s before retiring next door in the Walmart parking lot, which may as well have been a KOA campground given the twenty plus campers filling the outer spaces.  Being on the East Coast and off daylight savings; however, it was dark outside while I watched a few of the afternoon games.  It looks like the Giants may be the team to beat…my friend Torii must be happy.  I haven’t been keeping up with the Cowboys’ schedule, but I’m presuming they played the Sunday night game and lost given a friend informed me via text at 12:52 am that the “Cowboys stink”.

The dogs and I returned to Antietam to complete the 8.5 mile auto tour a second time as well as to hike an additional 3.5 miles of trails.  On the auto tour, we stopped at the Dunker Church and a handful of historic farmsteads such as J. Poffenberger Farmhouse, Piper Farmhouse, and Sherrick Farmhouse.  Additionally, we passed by several monuments, even one honoring Texas.  Our walking tour included two trails:  The Bloody Lane Trail and The Final Attack Trail.

The Bloody Lane Trail led us around the battlefield where Union soldiers led by General William Henry French’s division attacked the Confederates who were bunkered down in the Sunken Road on the morning of September 17, 1862.  Terribly outnumbered, the Confederates stood their ground for nearly three hours as the Federals continued over the hilltop firing at the trench below now known as Bloody Lane.  Over 5,500 soldiers were killed or wounded here before the Confederates retreated from the road.  The Union soldiers were too battered; however, to press forward, thus little advantage was gained.

The Final Attack Trail led us through the area in which the battle took place in the late afternoon and early evening.  After 8,000 Union troops successfully crossed the Burnside Bridge, they formed a line a mile wide and prepared for the final attack to drive the Confederate army from Maryland.  In this battle, two generals were killed and Colonel Harrison Fairchild’s Brigade of Union soldiers suffered the highest percentage of casualties in the Union army at this site.  During these hours of the battle, the Confederates were able to hold their ground as A.P. Hill and his Confederate troops arrived at the scene and counterattacked the much larger 9th Corps.

The reason the Confederate troops were outnumbered at Antietam was due to the “Lost Order”.  Robert E. Lee’s forces were recently victorious at the Second Battle of Manassas (Bull Run).  He moved his army from Virginia to Maryland with the intent to enter Pennsylvania.  His line of supply and communication into Virginia was threatened, however, by Union troops at Harper’s Ferry; thus he divided his army to neutralize the threat.  Lee’s Special Order 191 which included such planned operations was found by a Union soldier.  McClellan, realizing Lee’s forces were divided, ordered his troops to attack the nearby gaps on South Mountain.  Upon the Union army overtaking Harper’s Ferry and the Confederate troops surrendering at the nearby gaps, Lee ordered all his troops to Sharpsburg to make a stand at the Battle of Antietam.  The Confederate troops fought shorthanded until the rest of Lee’s army could arrive with support.

After a sunny, yet windy morning at Antietam hiking and finding a virtual cache; Scout, Petey and I visited another historic site at Fort Frederick State Park.  The Fort was constructed in 1756 and 1757 to protect the western frontier from the French and Indians.  Walls 17 feet high and 4 feet thick surround two wooden barracks and an officers’ quarters.  After the French and Indian War, the Fort later served as an American prison camp for captured British soldiers in the Revolutionary War.  In addition, during the Civil War, Union troops manned the Fort’s ruined walls.

On my way to my final scenic stop for the day, the Paw Paw Tunnel in GreenRidge State Forest, I found two more caches: one was an ammo can near the resort in Rocky Gap State Park and the other was a film canister at a beautiful overlook in Green Ridge State Forest.  I ended up in Rocky Gap State Park because I thought I might camp there for the evening, but I arrived before 3 p.m., so I thought I would try to find the tunnel.  I backtracked to the forest and experienced the usual:  winding dirt roads with steep grades in the middle of nowhere without cell phone coverage.  I kept thinking I better hurry and don’t get a flat because it will be dark by the time I leave!

I was curious to see the tunnel as it was the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal’s biggest engineering feat.  The tunnel, over 3,000 feet long and constructed of nearly 6 million bricks took 14 years to complete.  The canal, George Washington’s idea and commissioned by John Quincy Adams in 1828 is 180 miles long and runs all the way to Washington D.C..  While mules plodded beside the waterway with low slung boats in tow for nearly a century, the canal met its demise with the arrival of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad and is now simply enjoyed by joggers, hikers, and cyclists.

I plan on visiting the canal tomorrow, perhaps in another location, as I didn’t get to spend much time there today once I found it.  Not to mention, I was a bit leery of a black sedan that coincidentally followed me into an otherwise remote, empty gravel parking lot.  It was probably with just cause too, as when I headed toward the Walmart for the evening, the highway was shut down due to a wreck so I spent much of the evening at a nearby Wendy’s listening to a guy talk about how he could land in jail if some girl blabbed!  It kind of reminded me of the time I was in Penn Station during the wee hours of the morning getting Dunkin’ Donuts before the horse finals and the guy in line behind us used my trainer Kelly and me as pawns in a theoretical description of how to shoot someone.  I figured I waited long enough for the traffic to die down.  VANilla is rocking in the wind with the top down, so I imagine I’ll be laying low with the dogs tonight. ETB

www.dnr.state.md.us/publiclands/western/fortfrederick.asp, www.notablenotecards.com, http://www.etsy.com/shop/nichenotecards

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